Population Genetics of Modern and Ancient Cattle
Research Field:Life Sciences
Lead PI:Matthew Teasdale
Abstract:The past 10,000 years have seen a lasting interdependence grow between humans and cows. Domestic cattle are now vital to Northern European economies, with Irish beef exports worth in excess of €1.5 billion each year. Population genetic techniques, applied to next generation sequencing data of both modern and ancient material, have the potential to answer important questions across the whole time period of bovid domestication. We will apply these methods to look at the beginnings of farming in both Europe and Africa, an area of research that is subject to recent debate. Understanding the processes of early bovid domestication are also vital to investigations of the newly sequenced bovine genome, as the effect of these early humans interventions live on in the genomes of modern cattle.